Developed in the 1980’s and 1990’s by the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), the patient placement criteria help match patients with appropriate levels of care.  TreatmentMatching sorts programs through this algorithm.  It is common for patients to progress through a few levels of care, often moving down to less intense treatment as they continue to heal.

IV - Rehab

Level IV/III.7 treatment is what most patients and clinicians consider Rehab.  This form of treatment involves 24/7 residential care, medical detoxification services, and clinical treatment.  These programs identify their services as this level of care.

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III.5 - Extended Care

Following primary residential treatment, it is common for patients to transition down to a less intense form of residential care.  This is commonly referred to as Extended Care.  Patients have completed medical detox prior to receiving this treatment, which commonly provides around 30-40 hours per week of clinical care.  These treatment centers offer this level of care.

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III.1 - Sober Living

Sober living settings provide safe residential services for addiction recovery.  They provide less structured clinical time than higher levels of care, and this is 20 or fewer hours per week.  These treatment centers offer this level of care.

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II.5 - Partial Hospitalization / Day Treatment

Partial hospitalizaton programs (PHPs) involve clinical care lasting around 20-40 hours per week.  The patient lives independently during this process.  These treatment centers offer this level of care.

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II.1 - Intensive Outpatient Program

Intensive outpatient programs (IOPs) commonly provide 3 hours of clinical care, 3 times per week, for up to 3 months.  The care is often in a group therapy setting.  Patients live independently during enrollment in an IOP.  These treatment centers offer this level of care.

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I - Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient clinical care provides around 1 hour per week of individual recovery treatment.  This form of care may last indefinitely.  These programs offer this level of care.

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